Wednesday, 16 January 2013
Snakes are elongate, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears. Like allsquamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with many more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes' paired organs (such as kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca.
Living snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica, in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and on most smaller land masses — exceptions include some large islands, such as Ireland and New Zealand, and many small islands of the Atlantic and central Pacific.More than 20 families are currently recognized, comprising about 500 generaand about 3,400 species. They range in size from the tiny, 10 cm-long thread snaketo the Reticulated python of up to 8.7 meters (29 ft) in length. The fossil speciesTitanoboa cerrejonensis was 15 meters (49 ft) long. Snakes are thought to have evolved from either burrowing or aquatic lizards during the mid-Cretaceous period, and the earliest known fossils date to around 112 Ma ago. The diversity of modern snakes appeared during the Paleocene period . The oldest preserved descriptions of snakes can be found in the Brooklyn Papyrus.
Most species are nonvenomous and those that have venom use it primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Some possess venom potent enough to cause painful injury or death to humans. Nonvenomous snakes either swallow prey alive or kill by constriction.
Different kinds of snakes
Snakes are a reptile type creature that can range from different sizes. There are a lot of poisonous snakes, but there are some non poisonous snakes, as well. They can have different unique colors, and some can even camouflage there selves to blend in.
1. Number one on my list of snakes is the Anaconda. Anacondas are very large, and they reside in Southern America. The Eunectes Murinus, is a type of Anaconda, which is the largest snake ever found.
2. The Boa Constructor is found in different parts of the World. There are forty three different species of the Boa Constructor family. The adult Boa Constructor can range in size, but can become very large. Some Boa Constructors are very poisonous, so be very careful.
3. The Cobra is number three on my list of some of the different snakes in the World. The Cobra is a very venomous snake, sneak medical care immediately if bitten. The King Cobra is the World's largest Venomous snake, ever found.
4. The Dice Snake is number four on my list of some of the different snakes in the World. The female dice snakes, are a lot bigger then the males. The dice snake is not venomous, but if it feels itself in danger, it will release a horrible smelling secretion from its cloaca.
5. The egg eater snake, also known as Dasypeltis, is number five on my list of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World. These egg eater snakes, are adapted to feed on eggs. The egg eater snakes, are normally found in the African area.
5. The flying snake is number five on my list of some of different snakes in the World, because what is cooler then a snake flying? The flying snake is very timid, but can become venomous if threatened.
6. Number six on my list of some of the different snakes in the World, is the grass snake. The grass snake are found all over the World, usually in tall grass, or by the water. The grass snake is not venomous, but when threatened it releases a garlic smelling fluid from its anal glands, that will make you limp, and very weak.
6. Hog nose snake is number six on my list of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World. The hog nose snake plays dead when threatened. There are three different species, of the hog nose snake. A bit from the hog nose snake can result in a little bit of swelling, and soreness, but the hog nose snake is not venomous.
7. The indigo snake is number seven on my list of some of the different snakes in the World. The indigo snake is non venomous snake, and can become quite large. The indigo snake are found in the Eastern Regions of the World.
8. Number eight on my list of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World, is Jameson's mamba. Jameson's mamba is a very quick, and very highly venomous snake. The Jameson's mamba is mostly found in rain forests, around the World. If Bitten by these slender, venomous snakes, seek medical care immediately.
9. Number nine on my list of some of the different snakes in the World, is the Krait snake. The Krait snake is a very venomous snake, that are found in South-East Asia. There are 13 different species of Krait snakes.
10. Number ten on my list of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World, is the Lora snake. The Lora snake is a mildly venomous snake, that does not get very big. The Lora snake is usually found in the Central, and Southern Regions of the World.
11. The mamushi is a species of snakes, that is number ten on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World. The mamushi snake is usually found in Japan. They usually reside around waterfronts, or open woodlands.
12. The night snake is number twelve on my list of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World. The night snake is found in Southerns parts of the U.S. The night snake are most active during the night.
13. The orgic snake is number thirteen on my list of some of the different kind of snakes in the World. The orgic snake is primarily used for gardens, and not venomous.
14. The python snake is number fourteen on my list, of some of the different kinds of snakes in the World. The python snake can range from different sizes, to different colors. The python snakes can grow very big, and some of the python snakes can be highly venomous.
15. Number fifteen on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World, is the Queen snake. The Queen snake is a non venomous snake, that is usually found in North America. The Queen snake hibernates during the winter, and are back out in the spring, summer, and fall months. They usually found near waterfronts.
16. Number sixteen on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World, is the Rattlesnake. The rattlesnake is very venomous, and can primary be found in the Western part of Canada. If bitten by a rattlesnake seek medical care immediately, as a bit from one of these, can kill you in five minutes flat.
17. Seventeen on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World is the sunbeam snake. The sunbeam snake is found in the Southern part of Asia. The sunbeam snake are usually brown, or reddish brown in color.
18. The tiger snake is number eighteen on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World. Tiger snake's are very venomous, and can be found in the Southern Regions of Australia.
19. Number nineteen on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World, is Urutu snake. The Urutu snake are very venomous, and can be found in different regions in Brazil. The Urutu snake's bite rarely ends in fatal death, but can cause some serious damage.
20. The viper snake, is number twenty on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World. The viper snake are a very popular venomous snake that is found in different regions, all across the World. The viper snake, grown very large, and has hundreds of different species of viper snakes.
21. Number twenty one on my list of some of the different types of snakes in the World, is the Water moccasin. The water moccasin is a very venomous snake, found in Southwestern region of the USA. The water moccasin is found in shadow waters.
There are millions upon millions of snakes out there in the World. Snakes can be very venomous, so if bit i would seek medical care as fast as possible. If you no any other snakes, that you have encountered, feel free to leave a comment. Thank you.